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- [PDF] e-Negotiations: Networking and Cross-Cultural Business Transactions Full Colection
- Sales Skills Audit
- E-Negotiations – Making Due without Visual Queues
Daphne Halkias , Sam Abadir Autoren. Practical negotiating skills, including those needed for cross-cultural negotiations have long been taught in classrooms, along with the theory that underpins them. In this book, the case studies illustrate how cross-cultural negotiations can be managed through modern channels of social influence and information.
Practical negotiating skills, including those needed for cross-cultural negotiations have long been taught in classrooms, along with some of the theory that underpins them. Most of this has been based on the notion that negotiation will be interpersonal and face-to-face. In recent years, though, globalization, the telecommunications boom and the ever increasing need for today's professionals to conduct cross-cultural business transactions has led to a new way of negotiating, bargaining, and resolving disputes.
In e-Negotiations, Nicholas Harkiolakis and his co-authors highlight the challenge that awaits the young professionals who are today training in business schools. Future dispute resolutions and bargaining will take place between faceless disputants involved in a new kind of social process. Any adolescent with a mobile phone and Internet access knows that most of today's social transactions take place via a hand held or other electronic device.
In a world of video conferences, chat rooms, Skype, Facebook, and MySpace, critical financial, business and political decisions are made through interaction between two-dimensional characters on screens. The advantage of such automatic methods is to detect key players in terrorist networks. We illustrate the algorithm over some case studies of terrorist events that have occurred in the past. The results show great promise in detecting high value individuals. This article focuses on the study and development of recently introduced new measures, theories, mathematical models and algorithms to detect high value individuals in terrorist networks.
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Specific models and tools are described, and Specific models and tools are described, and applied to a case study to demonstrate their applicability to the area. We are confident that the models described can help intelligence agencies in understanding and dealing. This article aims to automate the extraction of information from semi-structured web documents by minimizing the amount of hand coding.
Extraction of information from the WWW can be used to structure the huge amount of data buried in web Extraction of information from the WWW can be used to structure the huge amount of data buried in web documents, so that data mining techniques can be applied. To achieve this target, automated extraction should be utilized to the extent possible since it must keep pace with a dynamic and chaotic Web on which analysis can be carried out using investigative data mining or social network analysis techniques.
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To achieve that goal a proposed framework called Spiner will be presented and analyzed in this paper. Web Pages. World Wide Web. View on wseas. Optimization of Hellenic overhead high-voltage transmission lines lightning protection more.
[PDF] e-Negotiations: Networking and Cross-Cultural Business Transactions Full Colection
Publication Date: Publication Name: Energy. View on sciencedirect. View on liebertonline. Psychological assessment of IT personnel for investigating employee preparedness for disaster recovery operations more. Challenges facing women entrepreneurs in Nigeria more. View on link. View on uk. View on worldscinet. Online buyer behaviour and perceptions in Greece more.
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Abstract: This paper describes the initial phase of a study where a sample of 71 questionnaires were distributed to people who identified themselves as online shoppers and the data collected were analysed. The purpose of the research was Another important aspect of e-negotiations is the reduction of communication cues. According to the situation or the adopted strategy, this can act as an advantage or disadvantage.
Inability to observe body language, facial expressions, and tone of voice may assist in focusing on the issue at hand, but it can also lead to misinterpretation, frustration, and mistrust. Negative emotions seem to be more influential in online negotiations than in face-to-face situations; but at the same time the faceless world of online communications appears to allow freedom of expression that would otherwise be hindered offline.
Research seems to indicate that as individuals become more familiar with the Internet and they use it in their daily communication, they tend to apply the same values as they do with other communication mediums. Time, data, and location tracking along with direct request and translation services can further assist in clarifying the content that is being communicated. Individuals disadvantaged by geographical location, confinement, threats, mobility, and sight or hearing impairment can now use the Internet to access information and negotiate on equal terms.
The negotiations framework presented before allows the expression of the different stages with their intrinsic characteristics and peculiarities:. Intelligence: In online negotiations this stage involves many aspects with primary the ability to profile a situation, individuals and organizations with extreme ease providing quality results and strong leverage to efficient users of medium.
The data evaluated when profiling a person online include pictures, videos, and text they developed or others produced about them. Pictures will reveal most of their genetic characteristics and provide snapshots of their interaction with the world. Videos will additionally reveal changes of behavior in social settings. Profiling organizations is much easier simply because organizations are legal entities that need to keep public records of their activities, have identifiable internal structures, and need to interact with their environment though rules and procedures that are more or less standard.
Having all that information about organizations and combining it with their past and present policies and actions, we can more precisely predict their perspective on negotiation issues. With the advent of the Internet, nowadays it is easier than ever to locate information about organizations, especially large public and private corporations which store a multitude of data on the Internet. Perception: This is a follow-up phase where and critical element in e-negotiations primarily because of the lack of visual social cues found in face-to-face negotiations.
Perceptions are based on our subjective judgment. They directly impact the way we communicate, form our strategies, and plan our actions. Our cultural norms and values, whether familial, social, ethnic, tribal, religious, or regional serve as our reference point in conducting negotiations. These layers encase: 1 inherited personality and intelligence DNA imprinting ; 2 environments where we grew and matured and that conditioned us to certain beliefs and values; 3 the society we live in that imposes cultural traits in us; and 4 the world at large with its global economic, social, and political trends.
All these layers affect the messages we send and receive. The major activities that penetrate and guide our perspective and being-in the world is education and the personal experiences which influence personal style and build intellectual abilities and coping skills throughout our lifetime.
E-Negotiations – Making Due without Visual Queues
When conducting e-negotiations, perception is primarily affected by lack of sensory data and especially the visual stimulus we are so much dependent on. By nature we are creatures that rely heavily on vision since it allows us parallel processing of information. While the acoustic signals are processed one at a time, our visual cortex is designed for processing visual signals from many sources. This is why it is easy to make sense of a picture of a crowd while it is difficult to make sense of it by listening to everyone speaking together.
What we lack in information online, we replace with imagination, especially when it comes to forming perceptions of others. This can range from idealistic images of our counterparts to cold realism with its illusion of objectiveness.
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All interpretations are based on extrapolations of past experiences and knowledge we acquired in our lives. While this serves as a good first estimate, the inherent generalization of our assumptions might miss the different reality that each situation expresses.
Mutual invisibility in e-negotiations can facilitate adversarial, contentious, and trust-breaking behavior. Denial is stronger when damaging a faceless other, particularly when we feel protected by a shield of anonymity and physical distance.